Los Angeles (/ l ɔː s ˈ æ n dʒ ə l ə s / ; Spanish: Los Ángeles), officially the City of Los Angeles and known colloquially by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California and the second most populous city in the United States, after New truthandlifebible.info: Los Angeles. LA's FRONTAL GURU Changing lives, One hairline at a time👑 I'm a Luxury Lace Wig Designer & Master Lace Installer. 🏝Los Angeles, CA🏝 BOOKINGS👇🏾PRICING👇🏾ORDERS(NO DMs) truthandlifebible.info
In , voters defeated efforts by the San Fernando Valley and Hollywood to secede from the city. The city of Los Angeles covers a total area of Los Angeles is both flat and hilly. Other hilly parts of Los Angeles include the Mt. Surrounding the city are much higher mountains. Immediately to the north lie the San Gabriel Mountains , which is a popular recreation area for Angelenos.
The Los Angeles River , which is largely seasonal, is the primary drainage channel. Los Angeles is rich in native plant species partly because of its diversity of habitats, including beaches, wetlands , and mountains. The most prevalent plant communities are coastal sage scrub , chaparral shrubland, and riparian woodland.
Many of these native species, such as the Los Angeles sunflower , have become so rare as to be considered endangered. Although it is not native to the area, the official tree of Los Angeles is the Coral Tree Erythrina caffra  and the official flower of Los Angeles is the Bird of Paradise Strelitzia reginae. Los Angeles is subject to earthquakes because of its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire. The geologic instability has produced numerous faults , which cause approximately 10, earthquakes annually in Southern California, though most of them are too small to be felt.
Nevertheless, all but a few are of low intensity and are not felt. Parts of the city are also vulnerable to tsunamis ; harbor areas were damaged by waves from Aleutian Islands earthquake in , Valdivia earthquake in , Alaska earthquake in , Chile earthquake in and Japan earthquake and Fukushima nuclear disaster in The city is divided into over 80 districts and neighborhoods,  some of which were incorporated cities that merged with Los Angeles.
The city's street patterns generally follows a grid plan , with uniform block lengths and occasional roads that cut across blocks. However, this is complicated by rugged terrain, which has necessitated having different grids for each of the valleys that Los Angeles covers.
Drivers in Los Angeles suffer from one of the worst rush hour periods in the world, according to an annual traffic index by navigation system maker, TomTom. LA drivers spend an additional 92 hours in traffic each year. Los Angeles is often characterized by the presence of low-rise buildings. The few skyscrapers that are built outside of those areas often stand out above the rest of the surrounding landscape. Most construction is done in separate units, rather than wall-to-wall. That being said, Downtown Los Angeles itself has many buildings over 30 stories, with fourteen over 50 stories, and two over 70 stories.
Also, Los Angeles is increasingly becoming a city of apartments rather than single family dwellings, especially in the dense inner city and Westside neighborhoods. Los Angeles has a Mediterranean climate Köppen climate classification Csb on the coast, Csa inland , and receives just enough annual precipitation to avoid Köppen's BSh semi-arid climate classification. The Los Angeles area is also subject to phenomena typical of a microclimate , causing extreme variations in temperature in close physical proximity to each other.
This involves overcast or foggy skies in the morning which yield to sun by early afternoon. Downtown Los Angeles averages Summer days are usually rainless.
Rarely, an incursion of moist air from the south or east can bring brief thunderstorms in late summer, especially to the mountains. The coast gets slightly less rainfall, while the inland and mountain areas get considerably more. Years of average rainfall are rare. A series of rainy days can bring floods to the lowlands and mudslides to the hills, especially after wildfires have denuded the slopes. The greatest snowfall recorded in downtown Los Angeles was 2.
The Los Angeles Basin and the San Fernando Valley are susceptible to atmospheric inversion , which holds in the exhausts from road vehicles, airplanes, locomotives, shipping, manufacturing, and other sources. The smog season lasts from approximately May to October.
Issues of air quality in Los Angeles and other major cities led to the passage of early national environmental legislation, including the Clean Air Act. When the act was passed, California was unable to create a State Implementation Plan that would enable it to meet the new air quality standards, largely because of the level of pollution in Los Angeles generated by older vehicles. Smog is expected to continue to drop in the coming years because of aggressive steps to reduce it, which include electric and hybrid cars, improvements in mass transit , and other measures.
The number of Stage 1 smog alerts in Los Angeles has declined from over per year in the s to almost zero in the new millennium. Los Angeles is also home to the nation's largest urban oil field. There are more than active oil wells located within 1, feet of homes, churches, schools and hospitals in the city, a situation about which the EPA has voiced serious concerns.
The age distribution was , people For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were There were 1,, housing units—up from 1,, during —  —at an average density of 2, The homeowner vacancy rate was 2. According to the Census, the racial makeup of Los Angeles included: Los Angeles is home to people from more than countries speaking different identified languages. Non-Hispanic whites were Mexican ancestry make up the largest ethnic group of Hispanics at The Hispanic population has a long established Mexican-American and Central American community and is spread well-nigh throughout the entire city of Los Angeles and its metropolitan area.
Furthermore, a vast majority of residents in neighborhoods in eastern South Los Angeles towards Downey are of Hispanic origin. The largest Asian ethnic groups are Filipinos 3. Chinese people, which make up 1. Chinatown and Thaitown are also home to many Thais and Cambodians , which make up 0.
The Japanese comprise 0. Vietnamese make up 0. Indians make up 0. The Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to a large population of Armenians and Iranians , many of whom live in enclaves like Little Armenia and Tehrangeles. African Americans have been the predominant ethnic group in South Los Angeles , which has emerged as the largest African American community in the western United States since the s.
In , the Census Bureau reported the city's population as There are numerous Catholic churches and parishes throughout Los Angeles. With , Jews in the metropolitan area , in city proper , the region has the second largest population of Jews in the United States. Many varieties of Judaism are represented in the area, including Reform , Conservative , Orthodox , and Reconstructionist.
The Breed Street Shul in East Los Angeles , built in , was the largest synagogue west of Chicago in its early decades; it is no longer a sacred space and is being converted to a museum and community center.
For many years, the church convened at Angelus Temple , which, when built, was one of the largest churches in the country.
Los Angeles has had a rich and influential Protestant tradition. The first Protestant service in Los Angeles was a Methodist meeting held in a private home in and the oldest Protestant church still operating, First Congregational Church , was founded in Dedicated in , it was the first LDS temple built in California and it was the largest in the world when completed.
The Hollywood region of Los Angeles also has several significant headquarters, churches, and the Celebrity Center of Scientology. Immigrants from Asia for example, have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations making the city home to the greatest variety of Buddhists in the world.
The first Buddhist joss house was founded in the city in The economy of Los Angeles is driven by international trade, entertainment television, motion pictures, video games, music recording, and production , aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism.
Two of the six major film studios, Paramount Pictures and 20th Century Fox , are located within the city limits,  their locations being part of the so-called " Thirty-Mile Zone " of entertainment headquarters in Southern California.
Los Angeles is the largest manufacturing center in the western United States. As of [update] , Los Angeles is home to three Fortune companies: Los Angeles is often billed as the "Creative Capital of the World", because one in every six of its residents works in a creative industry  and there are more artists, writers, filmmakers, actors, dancers and musicians living and working in Los Angeles than any other city at any time in history.
The city's Hollywood neighborhood has become recognized as the center of the motion picture industry and the Los Angeles area is also associated as being the center of the television industry.
The city is home to the major film studios as well as major record labels. Los Angeles plays host to the annual Academy Awards , the Primetime Emmy Awards , the Grammy Awards as well as many other entertainment industry awards shows. The performing arts play a major role in Los Angeles's cultural identity. According to the USC Stevens Institute for Innovation, "there are more than 1, annual theatrical productions and 21 openings every week.
There are museums and art galleries in Los Angeles County. A significant number of art galleries are located on Gallery Row , and tens of thousands attend the monthly Downtown Art Walk there. The city of Los Angeles and its metropolitan area are the home of eleven top level professional sports teams. Both left the city in , with the Rams moving to St. Louis , and the Raiders moving back to their original home of Oakland. After 21 seasons in St. A new stadium will be built in Inglewood, California for the team by the season.
Los Angeles has twice hosted the Summer Olympic Games: Los Angeles is a charter city as opposed to a general law city. The current charter was adopted on June 8, and has been amended many times since then. The current mayor is Eric Garcetti. There are 15 city council districts. The Charter of the City of Los Angeles ratified by voters in created a system of advisory neighborhood councils that would represent the diversity of stakeholders, defined as those who live, work or own property in the neighborhood.
The neighborhood councils are relatively autonomous and spontaneous in that they identify their own boundaries, establish their own bylaws, and elect their own officers. There are currently about 90 neighborhood councils. Residents of Los Angeles elect supervisors for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th supervisorial districts. Los Angeles experienced a significant decline in crime in the s and late s and reached a year low in with homicides.
Police speculate that the drop resulted from a number of factors, including young people spending more time online. The Dragna crime family and the Cohen crime family dominated organized crime in the city during the Prohibition era  and reached its peak during the s and s with the battle of Sunset Strip as part of the American Mafia , but has gradually declined since then with the rise of various black and Hispanic gangs in the late s and early s.
According to the Los Angeles Police Department , the city is home to 45, gang members, organized into gangs. This has led to the city being referred to as the "Gang Capital of America". There are three public universities located within the city limits: The community college system consists of nine campuses governed by the trustees of the Los Angeles Community College District:. There are numerous additional colleges and universities outside the city limits in the Greater Los Angeles area, including the Claremont Colleges consortium, which includes the most selective liberal arts colleges in the U.
Los Angeles Unified School District serves almost all of the city of Los Angeles, as well as several surrounding communities, with a student population around , LAUSD has become known for its underfunded, overcrowded and poorly maintained campuses, although its Magnet schools help compete with local private schools.
The Los Angeles Public Library system operates 72 public libraries in the city. The Los Angeles metro area is the second-largest broadcast designated market area in the U. All four major broadcast television networks, plus major Spanish-language networks Telemundo and Univision , also own and operate stations that both serve the Los Angeles market and serve as each network's West Coast flagship station: The major daily English-language newspaper in the area is the Los Angeles Times.
The Korea Times is the city's major daily Korean language paper while The World Journal is the city and county's major Chinese newspaper. In addition to the major papers, numerous local periodicals serve immigrant communities in their native languages, including Armenian, English, Korean, Persian, Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Hebrew, and Arabic.
Many cities adjacent to Los Angeles also have their own daily newspapers whose coverage and availability overlaps into certain Los Angeles neighborhoods. The city and the rest of the Los Angeles metropolitan area are served by an extensive network of freeways and highways. The Texas Transportation Institute , which publishes an annual Urban Mobility Report, ranked Los Angeles road traffic as the most congested in the United States in as measured by annual delay per traveler.
Los Angeles's mean travel time for work commutes in was The LA County Metropolitan Transportation Authority LA County Metro and other agencies operate an extensive system of bus lines, as well as subway and light rail lines across Los Angeles County, with a combined monthly ridership measured in individual boardings of The majority of this The subway and light rail combined average the remaining roughly 8.
The city's subway system is the ninth busiest in the United States and its light rail system is the country's busiest. The Metro Orange and Silver lines are bus rapid transit lines with stops and frequency similar to those of light rail. As of [update] , the total number of light rail stations is The city is also central to the commuter rail system Metrolink , which links Los Angeles to all neighboring counties as well as many suburbs.
The main rail station in the city is Union Station just north of Downtown. It adjoins the separate Port of Long Beach. There are also smaller, non-industrial harbors along Los Angeles's coastline. The port includes four bridges: As home to Hollywood and its entertainment industry, numerous singers, actors, celebrities and other entertainers live in various districts of Los Angeles. Los Angeles has 25 sister cities ,  listed chronologically by year joined:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the U. For other uses, see Los Angeles disambiguation. For other uses, see L. History of Los Angeles. Timeline of Los Angeles and Los Angeles in the s. List of districts and neighborhoods of Los Angeles. Climate of Los Angeles. Arts and culture of Los Angeles. Los Angeles City Museums. Government of Los Angeles. Government of Los Angeles County. Media in Los Angeles. Transportation in Los Angeles. List of airports in the Los Angeles area. List of people from Los Angeles.
Retrieved June 26, Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly. Retrieved September 28, Retrieved January 27, Archived from the original Word Document on February 21, Retrieved August 25, City of Los Angeles.
Archived from the original on February 8, Retrieved February 8, Archived from the original on November 13, United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 16, Retrieved February 10, Retrieved July 2, Retrieved May 25, Archived from the original on May 16, Retrieved August 29, Archived from the original on August 15, Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary 18th ed.
Los Angeles city, California". Archived from the original on Retrieved April 15, Gazetteer Files — Places — California". Retrieved April 6, Retrieved December 31, Fifteen Hundred California Place Names. University of California Press. Retrieved January 7, Los Angeles itself was built over a Gabrielino village called Yangna or iyaanga', 'poison oak place. The Herald's History of Los Angeles. Retrieved September 29, California missions and presidios. Retrieved September 30, Retrieved September 2, African Americans in California.
University of Washington Press. Historical and biographical record of southern California: Los Angeles's Olvera Street. Archived from the original on February 2, Retrieved January 24, William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles. Los Angeles in the s: Retrieved January 8, As a result, both the county superior court and the federal district court are respectively the busiest courts of their type in the nation. Many celebrities like O. Simpson have been seen in Los Angeles courts.
In , the television show Extra based in nearby Glendale found itself running so many reports on the legal problems of local celebrities that it spun them off into a separate show, Celebrity Justice. Federal cases are appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit , which hears them at its branch building in Pasadena. The court of last resort for federal cases is the U. Supreme Court in Washington, D.
The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1, persons for each type of offense. Crime in reported by the sheriff's office or police . Los Angeles County is commonly associated with the entertainment and digital media industry; all six major film studios— Paramount Pictures , 21st Century Fox , Sony , Warner Bros.
Numerous other major industries also define the economy of Los Angeles County, including international trade supported by the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach , music recording and production, aerospace and defense, fashion, and professional services such as law, medicine, engineering and design services, financial services and more.
High-tech sector employment within Los Angeles County is , workers,  and manufacturing employment within Los Angeles County is , workers. The Los Angeles County Office of Education provides a supporting role for school districts in the area. There are a number of private schools in the county, most notably those operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese. The county's most visited park is Griffith Park , owned by the city of Los Angeles.
Venice Beach is a popular attraction where its Muscle Beach used to find throngs of tourists admiring "hardbodies". Today, it is more arts-centered. Santa Monica's pier is a well known tourist spot, famous for its ferris wheel and bumper car rides, which were featured in the introductory segment of the television sitcom Three's Company. Further north in Pacific Palisades one finds the beaches used in the television series Baywatch.
In the mountain, canyon, and desert areas one may find Vasquez Rocks Natural Area Park , where many old Westerns were filmed.
Mount Wilson Observatory in the San Gabriel Mountains is open for the public to view astronomical stars from its telescope, now computer-assisted. Many county residents find relaxation in water skiing and swimming at Castaic Lake Recreation Area — the county's largest park by area — as well as enjoying natural surroundings and starry nights at Saddleback Butte State Park in the eastern Antelope Valley — California State Parks' largest in area within the county.
The California Poppy Reserve is located in the western Antelope Valley and shows off the State's flower in great quantity on its rolling hills every spring. The following general aviation airports also are located in Los Angeles County:. Air Force operates three airports in Los Angeles County:. Los Angeles is a major freight-railroad transportation center, largely due to the large volumes of freight moving in and out of the county's sea port facilities.
The ports are connected to the downtown rail yards and to the main lines of Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe headed east via a grade-separated, freight rail corridor known as the Alameda Corridor.
Light rail, subway heavy rail , and long-distance bus service are all provided by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Metro. Together they handle over a quarter of all container traffic entering the United States, making the complex the largest and most important port in the country, and the third-largest port in the world by shipping volume. The Port of Los Angeles is the largest cruise ship center on the West Coast , handling more than 1 million passengers annually. The Port of Long Beach is home to the Sea Launch program, which uses a floating launch platform to insert payloads into orbits that would be difficult to attain from existing land-based launch sites.
Ferries link the Catalina Island city of Avalon to the mainland. There are 88 incorporated cities in Los Angeles County. According to the Estimate, the most populous are: The population ranking of the following table is based on the census of Los Angeles County. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the equivalent of counties in Louisiana, see List of parishes in Louisiana. Charter County in California , United States.
Images, from top down, left to right: April 1, . History of Los Angeles. Demographics of Los Angeles County. Government of Los Angeles County. Politics of Los Angeles County. Superior Court of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce. Mary's College , Los Angeles Mt. San Antonio College , Walnut Mt. Ripley Desert Woodland State Park. Transportation in Los Angeles.
List of cities in Los Angeles County, California. List of districts and neighborhoods of Los Angeles. Greater Los Angeles portal. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
California State Association of Counties. Retrieved February 6, County of Los Angeles. Retrieved December 1, Retrieved April 6, Retrieved December 27, Archived from the original on August 24, Retrieved August 23, United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, Archived from the original on July 14, Retrieved December 18, County is the Capital of Asian America".
Retrieved 27 September University of Virginia Library. Ranking Tables for Counties: Retrieved April 4, Retrieved October 26, Retrieved October 21, See " Census fact sheet table". Archived from the original on December 5, Public Policy Institute of California. Retrieved January 15, Retrieved May 14, The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 29, Retrieved December 14, Retrieved 9 May February 10, - Report of Registration.
Retrieved March 16,
The Hollywood region of Los Angeles also has several significant headquarters, churches, and the Celebrity Center of Scientology. Despite being boycotted by 14 Communist countries , the Olympics became more financially successful than any previous,  and the second Olympics to turn a profit until then—the other, according to an analysis of contemporary newspaper reports, being the Summer Olympics, also held in Los Angeles.